What is COVID-19?
The new coronavirus, now known as Covid-19, was first encountered in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, and has gone on to affect over 100,000 people in over 80 countries around the globe, causing more than 3,000 deaths.
How does COVID-19 spread?
At present, the common spread way of COVID-19 are through respiratory droplets, patients sneezing and coughing. When someone inhalation of exhaled breath from the COVID-19 patient can cause infection. However, there is another spread way we need to pay attention to, that is called aerosols spread. The droplets of patients can mixed in the air to form aerosols, so if someone inhale the air that contains aerosols by accident, he would most likely to be infected.
Wha are the common Coronavirus symptoms?
There are some individual differences when comes to the symptoms of COVID-19. Generally speaking, the early symptoms are fever, fatigue and cough. Some patients will have diarrhea and loss of appetite. However, with the development of Coronavirus, some severe patients will have difficulty breathing, blood oxygen saturation etc., and even acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis or metabolic acidosis and other complications, there is a certain mortality.
How many people have been affected?
As of 6 March, the global death toll was 3,404, while more than 100,000 people have been infected in more than 80 countries, according to the Johns Hopkins University Center for Systems Science and Engineering.
The death toll has passed 3,000 in China, where there have been over 80,000 cases. South Korea, the nation worst hit by the outbreak outside China, has had 6,593 cases. More than 55,000 people in China have recovered from Covid-19.
How to prepare for the coronavirus?
1.Keep your hands clean, and keep your distance from sick people
Wet your hands with clean tap water, then foam them with soap. Don’t miss the back of your hands, between your fingers or under your nails. Make sure to scrub for at least 20 seconds, then wipe or air dry with a clean towel.
Alcohol-based hand sanitizers, which should be rubbed in for about 20 seconds, can also work, but the gel must contain at least 60 percent alcohol.
2.Stay home if you are sick
Protect other people from infection by being extra cautious if you are not feeling well. Coronaviruses start deep in the lungs. The most common signs are fever and dry cough, followed by fatigue and shortness of breath. If you have any of these symptoms, make every effort to stay at home. Do not go to the office. Do not drive your child to school. Do not go to the store. Do not take public transport. If children are sick, they should also go home from school.
3.Stock up on home supplies, medicine and resources
Experts suggest stocking at least a 30-day supply of any needed prescriptions, and you should consider doing the same for household items like food staples, laundry detergent, and diapers, if you have small children.
Remember, alcohol is a good disinfectant for coronaviruses so make sure to keep surfaces in your home clean. Throw out those tissues in a wastebasket after you blow your nose.